SOME OF THE HOLY QOR’AN COMMANDMENTS : THE TEN COMMANDMENTS


قال الله تعالى في سورة الأنعام :

{ قُلْ تَعَالَوْا أَتْلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ أَلَّا تُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ مِنْ إِمْلَاقٍ نَحْنُ نَرْزُقُكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْ وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُمْ بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ (151) وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا مَالَ الْيَتِيمِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَأَوْفُوا الْكَيْلَ وَالْمِيزَانَ بِالْقِسْطِ لَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا وَإِذَا قُلْتُمْ فَاعْدِلُوا وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَى وَبِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ أَوْفُوا ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُمْ بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ (152) وَأَنَّ هَذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُمْ بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (153)}

 

Allah Most High said in chapter Al Anaam :
 
151 )   Say, "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him, and to parents, good treatment, and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will provide for you and them. And do not approach immoralities - what is apparent of them and what is concealed. And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason." 152 )   And do not approach the orphan's property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. And give full measure and weight in justice. We do not charge any soul except [with that within] its capacity. And when you testify, be just, even if [it concerns] a near relative. And the covenant of Allah fulfill. This has He instructed you that you may remember.( 153 )   And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous.
 
 Allah Almighty says to His messenger peace be upon him and to anyone who calls for Allah : ‘’Say’’ to people "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you.’’ It is a complete prohibition for everybody , including all prohibitions concerning foods , drinks , words , and deeds .
 
 
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS ARE :
 
THE FIRST COMMAND :
 [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him
Neither little nor much . To associate with Allah is to worship a creature in the same way as to worship Allah , or to glorify it as to do with Allah . To grant him anything which is special to God . When the servant doesn’t associate anything with Allah , he becomes monotheist , sincere to Him in all the cases , which is a right of Allah over His servants ; not to worship anything but Him . 
Whoever thinks that Allah has an associate , he diminishes the kingdom of Allah , the power of Allah , the subjugation of Allah . Whereas the one who doesn’t associate anything with Allah , he believes that Allah is the One , the Subjugator , the King , the Almighty . Allah Most high says :’’ Say, "Show me those whom you have attached to Him as partners. No! Rather, He [alone] is Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (Saba’e 27)
 
THE SECOND COMMAND
and to parents, good treatment,
He starts by the most important right after His ; it is the parents’ right . He orders us to treat them well by the good words and the beautiful friendly works . Any word or deed which causes benefit and happiness to the parents is good conduct , and when parents are correctly treated , the disobedience is discarded . So congratulation to the obedient children , and let the disobedient one be careful .   
 
THE THIRD COMMAND
 and do not kill your children 
boys or girls ‘’out of poverty ‘’ . Do not kill your children for fear of poverty . That happened in the severe pre-Islamic era . Since it is forbidden to kill one’s children , this means that it is also forbidden to kill anyone else , or to kill other people’s children as well .  
‘’ We will provide for you and them.’’ : We have taken a decision to provide everybody . You provide neither your children nor even yourselves , so do not bother about them . 
 
THE FOURTH  COMMAND 
 And do not approach immoralities 
Which are the major sins ‘’ what is apparent of them and what is concealed’’. : Do not approach apparent sins and concealed ones . To forbid approaching immoralities is more emphasized  than doing them because the prohibition includes the introductions and the means that lead to them . 
   
THE  FIFTH  COMMAND
‘’ And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] ‘’ 
It is the Muslim soul , male or female , big or small , good or bad , or the disbeliever one which protected itself by the covenant  and charter ‘’except by [legal] right’’, like 
‘’ This’’ : what has just been said ‘’ has He instructed you that you may use reason." In understanding Allah’s command , then you take care of it , and you practice it . The verse means that the servant obeys Allah according to his reason .
 
 
THE SIXTH  COMMAND 
‘’ And do not approach the orphan's property’’
By consuming it , or taking it without any reason  ‘’except in a way that is best’’ , in a way that improves his money so that he takes benefit of it . That means that it is illegal to use the orphan’s money in a wrong away that makes him lose it or even in a way that causes no gain no loss  ‘’until he’’ the orphan  ‘’reaches maturity’’  when he knows how to deal with money . In that case , he will be given his money to manage it according to his knowledge .
 
 
THE SEVENTH  COMMAND
‘’And give full measure and weight in justice’’ Be fair and loyal . When you do your best in that , then ‘’We do not charge any soul except [with that within] its capacity’’. According  to the measurement . If anyone does his best to give full measure and weight and a mistake is done unwillingly and without knowing , then Allah is Merciful and Forgiving . 
The scholars use this verse as a proof that  Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity . If somebody fears Allah and does his best to obey Him , there is no guilt if an unwilling mistake is done .
 
 
 
THE EIGHTH  COMMAND 
’’And when you testify, be just, even if [it concerns] a near relative’’. Be fair when you judge between people and give your opinion about their words and states .’’ be just’’ when you speak , and tell the truth on whom you love and whom you hate . Justice is compulsory , and  prejudice is forbidden .
Scholars say that a judge must be fair about the two complainants ; he must be just in his words and deeds . 
 
 
THE NINETH  COMMAND 
‘’And the covenant of Allah fulfill’’.
The covenant  includes the one that the servants gave to Allah to worship Him and obey Him , and it includes also the covenants among people . Both covenants must be fulfilled and it is prohibited to revoke them . 
 
“This’’ these commands ‘’has He instructed you that you may remember’’ what commands  He has given you , you know what they are about , and what rules you must abide to . 
 
When Allah gives a lot of big commands and important rules , He refers to them and to what is more general by THE TENTH COMMANDMENT :
  And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it
 
These commands and the like that Allah has mentioned in His Book and clarified to His servants , the path of Allah which leads to Him and to His paradise , a path which is moderate , easy and concise . ‘’so follow it ‘’so that you gain success and you reach hope and happiness ‘’; and do not follow [other] ways’’ which are different from this one  ‘’for you will be separated from His way’’ . The other ways mislead you to the right and to the left , and when you lose the right path , there are no ways but those which lead to hellfire . 
‘’This has He instructed you that you may become righteous’’. If you abide to the rules that Allah gives you ; you know the content and you practice them , you will be among the pious ones and among the successful servants . Allah has chosen one way which belongs to Him because it is a unique way which leads to Him . Allah is the One who helps the passengers to behave well .(1)
 
In conclusion , this is the summary of the ten commandments . Let us start practicing them together in this world –with the help of Allah – then we shall take their fruit together in paradise . 
 
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
 
1- [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him: Do not associate any of His creatures with Him . Direct all the worship to Him alone  such as fear , hope , invocation  and so on .
2-  and to parents, good treatment . Be kind with your parents ; obey them , and make invocations for them and be friendly to them .
3- and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will provide for you and them . Do not kill your children for fear of poverty ; Allah will provide you and them as well .
4- And do not approach immoralities - what is apparent of them and what is concealed.
Do not turn round immoralities , neither apparent ones nor concealed ones 
5- And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. Do not kill anyone unjustly except by legal right if he has killed another one , or a married person who has committed adultery , or he has changed his religion and become renegade . 
6-  And do not approach the orphan's property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity . Foster parents or tutors should not approach orphans’ property except in the case of improving it until they become able to manage it . When they become mature , then give them their property . 
7- And give full measure and weight in justice. Make sure that the measure or the weight should not be less than it should be in order to avoid cheating .
8- And when you testify, be just, even if [it concerns] a near relative . When you speak do not be biased in a witness , or a sentence , or intercession even if it concerns a relative . Be fair with everybody . 
9-   And the covenant of Allah fulfill. Obey the orders of Allah concerning His worship and abiding to His rules .
10- And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it  and do not follow [other] ways for you will be separated from His way . Allah says that this Islam is the straight way which leads to Him , so follow it . And do not take  the misleading ways which will lead you away from the right path . Allah commands that you should take the straight way in order to escape His punishment because you fulfill His orders and you avoid His prohibition . (2)
 
 
1 – See ‘’Taysyr Al Karim Ar Rahman fi Tafsyr Kalam Al Mannan’’ by sheikh Abd Ar Rahman Ben Nasr Saadi – may Allahn have mercy on him – died in 1376 of the migration
 
2- See ‘’At Tafsyr Al Moyassar ‘’ by a group of scholars . Complex of king Fahd for Kor’an printing




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