The Testimony that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
A person does not become a Muslim until he believes and testifies that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.
The Prophet Muhammad was a man among other human beings - not a god or a different creature, neither an angel nor an alien nor anything else. He ate food, drank water, slept, got sick, walked in the markets, did business and worked for a living... etc. What distinguished him was that Allah chose him to be the Last Messenger.
He was sent as a messenger to all of humankind regardless of race, place of birth, and religious background with five main tasks:
- To communicate God’s messages to the people – that they worship God alone, that Allah is the only true God, and that the worship of anything other than Allah is invalid.
- To teach the people that whoever believes in Allah and does righteous deeds will be rewarded with paradise; all kinds of bliss are eternally enjoyed therein; Allah will provide for them them from his grace and honor them with His mercy.
Here are some of the good deeds that the Messenger of Allah encouraged people to practice:
- Belief in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the Last Day, and what is pleasing and displeasing from destiny.
- Sincerity, prayer, giving charity, fasting and making the hajj pilgrimage
- Benevolence in devotion to Allah, both in public and in secret
- Generosity to parents, spouses, children, neighbors, relatives and friends
- Working together in righteousness and piety, and consulting each other for important matters.
- Repairing broken relationships and mediating between parties, courage, witnessing truth, and helping the oppressed and people in need, such as the poor, the destitute, orphans, strangers, and debtors, without taking or hoping for any repayment from them.
- Fairness and justice in everything, economy in expenditures and mediation.
- Honesty in speech and action
- Keeping promises and trust
- Being easygoing and kind
- Having forgiveness, tolerance, patience, compassion, and selflessness.
- Chastity, marriage, turning a blind eye to others’ faults and not exposing their sins.
- Purity, hygiene, adornment, and beauty.
- Consuming that which is pure and avoiding all that is harmful.
- The Messenger of Allah was sent to warn people that whoever does bad deeds may be punished by God and we should all repent from such actions before it is too late and death comes to us.
Here are some of the bad deeds that the Messenger of God commanded people to avoid:
- Polytheism, disbelief, hypocrisy, narcissism and arrogance.
- Suicide, injustice, prostitution, immorality, assault, harm and oppression
- Adultery, homosexuality, immorality, obscene speech, and perverse behavior
- Theft, usury, and drunkenness.
- Treason, treachery, name-calling, gossip, slander, ridicule, backbiting, undue suspicion, shaming, cheating, vanity, selfishness, prejudice, racism, betrayal, envy, hatred, jealousy, bad manners, laziness, cowardice, miserliness, extravagance, wastefulness, and haste.
- Aiding and abetting evil, supporting sin and transgression, and conspiring against justice.
- Sowing discord and dissidence among people ad instigating conflict
- Lying, perjury, misconstruing, fraud, and deception.
- Cursing and swearing.
- Intentional filthiness and impurity
- Eating impure foods such as: pork, dead meat, blood, and animals slaughtered for idols.
- The Messenger was sent to be a witness for the believers who worshiped God alone, and against the disbelievers who knowingly refused to worship Him in devotion.
- The Messenger was sent to be a model for ideal and balanced human character, so that everyone can relate to and admire a human being like them. In His wisdom, Allah has made the life history of His Messenger an open book and fully accessible for all to learn from so that he can be a shining light for everyone whom Allah guides to believe to guide them to success in this world and the next.
These are the five tasks that Allah commanded His Messenger to carry out, and he did so faithfully and diligently until the end of his life, before which the revelation of the Quran was completed in its entirety and conveyed to the Muslims, as was the religion of Islam.
Allah, the Almighty says in the Quran:
( الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا )
Today I have completed your religion for you, completed my favor on you and I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you
(The Quran 5:3)