The Conversion of an the Egyptian Priest and Scholar to Islam

Reviewing by : A.J. Kassem

The priest, Ibrahim, had a Christian education. He was born in Alexandria on January 13th, 1919. He studied and graduated from religious seminaries in the United States. In 1942, he received a degree from the secondary faculty of Asyut, which was the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree. He also received a degree from the Anglical Theological Faculty in Cairo in 1948. He was appointed a priest in the Anglical Bafour church in the prefecture of Asyut. In 1952, he was appointed a priest at the Canadian Anglical Theology faculty in Asyut and was also appointed to teach Swiss and German religious teachings in Aswan.


He worked as a member of the Complex of Masters of Asyut, a Member of Nile Synods, a comrade of the American Missionaries, and a specialist in missionary activities directed towards the Muslims from American and European missionaries. His life in a Muslim country among the Muslims provided opportunities to listen to the Qur'an and to study it. Many times, he used to stop at a verse and compare it with what he found in Christian Bible, such as the following translated verse:


''Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them from what is wrong, makes lawful for them the good things, prohibits them from evil and relieves them of their burdens and the shackles which were upon them. They who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be successful '' (Quran 7:157).


He continued to study and comparative religion looking for the truth until he was convinced that Islam is the true religion and then he converted to Islam.


Ibrahim said about himself, ''I converted to Islam, not haphazardly nor by chance but, rather, I studied Islam as a creed and system of jurisprudence and behavior from 1955 to the end of 1959 until I was convinced, and then I declared my Islam. I felt that I had to be a Muslim and preach the truth that there is no god but Allah, and Mohammad is His Messenger”.


Ibrahim gave up his jobs from which he earned his living in the Christian Church. He left all that seeking reward from Allah. Ibrahim asked for Allah's forgiveness for preaching Christianity among the Muslims and expressed his happiness to change his activities to preaching for Islam. He said, ''When I recall the time before 1955, when I was at the peak of faithlessness, I used to mislead young Muslims. Perhaps, Allah wants to comfort me and forgive my previous sins by my efforts with these young people who convert to Islam''. He had a deep knowledge of Christians’ books and their ways of convincing people. This knowledge made him an outstanding preaching for Islam with a great impact on people.


  • The books that he wrote include the following:

- Mohammad, peace be upon him, in the Torah, the Gospel and the Qur'an.

- The Orientalists and Missionaries in the Islamic Arab world.

- Israel, the Troubled Generations ''The Old Era''

- Israel, the Troubled Generations ''The New Era''

- Israel and the Talmud (Analytic Study)

- Orientalism and Evangelism and their Relationships to World Imperialism


  • Some of his unpublished writings include:

- Jesus, the Word of Allah

- Science leads to Faith

- Islam versus Orientalist and Missionary Challenges.

- Islam against Modern Thought Challenges.

- Allah's Miracles in the age of Science

- Allah's Limits: The Torah, the Bible and the Qur'an.

- Islam in the Torah, the Bible, and the Qur'an

- Jesus in the Torah, the Bible, and the Qur'an


The following is based on excerpts from the writings of Ibrahim Khalil on the subject of comparative religion:


After an analytic study, we can have a complete picture of the reality of the truth of the Quran, which is not falsified nor distorted because Allah protects it. We can also have a clear vision of the reality of the Messenger Muhammad, as per the following points:


- He was the Last Prophet and Messenger; No prophet comes after him.

- He was a Messenger of Allah to all the worlds.

- He was capable and merciful

- He was an example of Islam with the characteristics of truth and friendliness.

- He is a light to all the nations

- He was a descendant of Kedar, the son of Ismail, son of Ibrahim, peace be upon them all. These truths are found in Book of Isaiah (42: 1-11)

- In him, Allah's promise to Ibrahim and Ismail to complete prophethood in their lineages was realized.

- He is a blessing to all the people on earth.

- He received direct revelation from Allah.

These truths are referred to in the Book of Genesis (17:20-22) and the Book of Deuteronomy (21:15-17) and (18:15-19).



- He was the only prophet and messenger after Jesus, the son of Mary.

- He sympathized with and guided a group of faithful followers of Jesus

- His works, words, and qualities were praiseworthy

- He was famous among his friends and enemies for being truthful and loyal

- He received revelation directly from Allah

- His message is everlasting.

- He guides all people who accept his message to the truth.

- He defended Jesus and his mother Mary from untruths and slander

These truths are found in: the Gospel of John, 14:16, 17 – 14:45, 26, 15:26, 27,  16:13, 14.


Additionally, Last Prophet Muhammad was distinguished from the Hebrew prophets in at least three main areas:


1- His message was for the world.

2- He was last prophet, and no prophet or prophecy will come after him

3- He is a descendant of Ismail, peace be upon him.

These truths are found in Gospel of John 16:12-14, Book of Isaiah 60:1-7.


  • Understanding the history of Jewish and Christian Scripture

Towards the end of the Book of Deuteronomy, we find in verse 34, ''Moses, the slave of God died there in the land of Moab. He was buried in the Jawa'e in the land of Moab''.  We ask - If Moses died, how could he write these books and say, “I died and so and so happened”? Therefore, these words are inevitably added, and the Torah was distorted after Moses death. Additionally, when we study the Torah and the Gospel historically, we find out that the original Torah tablets have disappeared. In the history of Israel, they say that Nebuchadnezzar entered the temple with his army, destroyed it, and took everything in it to Babylon, including the holy scriptures the relics. Therefore, it is proven historically that the Torah that Moses received was completely lost. When King Korsh of Persia ordered the Children of Israel to go back to Palestine, Izra and Nahimia claimed to rewrite the Torah from memory.


Let us now examine the Gospel of Luke. Was it really revealed to him from God (which would make him a prophet)? Luke said, ''Since many have written stories about credible things for us, I see that I myself have followed everything carefully from the beginning, and I myself will write to you, my dear Theophilus so that you know that what I know is true''. He never said, ''It was revealed to me directly by God''. Furthermore, Luke was not even one of the twelve disciples of Jesus; this is a very important point to consider.

In consideration of the above points, we cannot completely believe what is presented as the Torah and Gospel because the human factor is there in these books. Also, we cannot discredit them completely because parts of them are based on revelation and the lives of some of the prophets.


The Old Testament is filled with words which were supposed said by Moses, but are not actually the words of Moses. The same thing is true for the New Testament, which is filled with words which were supposed to have been said by Jesus, but are not all the words of Jesus.



  • The Problem of Original Sin

''The crucial case in Christianity is the case of forgiveness. Their doctrine states that because Adam had committed a sin, all of humanity is inevitably damned if they are not saved. That was why Jesus came to sacrifice himself, and his crucifixion as being a Son of God was the price of reconciliation with God (according to Paul who said, ''We reconciled with God by killing His son''. (Romans 5: 10)


Nevertheless, supposing what is said about original sin were true (even though it is not and is contrary to what is related of Moses’ law), isn’t it possible for God to forgive humanity without an killing an innocent person?


Let's go back to the Gospel of Mathew (9:1- 8) where we find, ''He entered the ship, then passed and arrived at a city. They showed him a disabled person lying on his bed. When Jesus knew their faith, he said to the disabled person, “Be sure, my son, your sins are forgiven”. At that time he said to the disabled person: Stand up, take your mattress and go home. He stood up and went. When the crowd saw that, they were amazed, and they praised God who gave people such a power ''


Even though Jesus said to the disabled person, ''Your sins are forgiven'', the agent is understood to be God, because a creature cannot forgive sins. It is the same when we speak about a dead person and say, ''God bless his soul’' which means, we hope Allah forgives his sins.


Mathew said that Jesus said, ''This is to know that the son of man on earth has the power to forgive sins''. This quote makes it seem as if Allah, glory to Him, has given permission to Jesus to forgive sins by a word from him. According to that, the forgiveness of people's sins doesn't need his crucifixion or his killing. If that sorrowful event had truly occurred, it would have multiplied the perpetrators’ sins, not expiated them.


Additionally, according to the New Testament, Jesus had given the power to forgive sins to Patrick, who is described as a devil in the Gospels because he deserted his master at a time of difficulty, and he neglected to protect him in front of the Jews. He told him, ''I give you the keys to the kingdom of Heavens. All that you open on earth will be open in Heaven''.


Therefore, let us consider the following question: Can man forgive by a word and God be incapable of doing that?


It was as if Jesus was suspicious of Paul, his ideas and his followers when he said in the Gospel of John(16:32–33), ''An hour is to come, it has already come by now. You will scatter, everyone goes to his kinsmen and you will leave me alone. I am not alone because the Father is with me''. This completely contradicts the account that they had crucified on the cross and he desperately cried, ''0h my God! Why did you leave me?'’. This alone is enough to prove that Jesus was not crucified.



  • Understanding the Truth of Jesus by Considering Accounts of His Birth

Regarding the birth of Jesus, The Gospel of Mathew (1:18) says that, ''The birth of Jesus was as follows: When his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they met she found herself pregnant from the Holy Spirit''


Also in the Gospel of Luke (1: 28), describing how the angel Gabriel approached the Virgin Mary, ''The angel entered her room and said, Peace be upon you O you blessed one. God is with you. You are a blessed one among the women. Then he gave her the good news about Jesus. Mary said to the angel, How can that be possible and I don't know any man? He answered: The Holy Spirit will enter you, and the power of the Most High will be over you'' (Luke 1: 34 – 35).  This shows that the Holy Spirit is not the God, who is the Most High.


When it is said that Jesus was born by the power of the Holy Spirit, and that makes him special and different than the other people, we say that it is not a privilege that necessitates thinking for a moment that Jesus’ origin is different from that of others, since his comrade and cousin, John the Baptist, was also mentioned to have been born by the power of the Holy Spirit; The angel Gabriel said to John’s father, Zachariah, while he was in the temple, according to the Gospel of Luke (1: 13), “Don't be afraid, O Zachariah; your request is heard and your wife, Elizabeth, will bear you a son and you will name him John. He will be your joy and happiness. Many people will be happy from his birth because he will be great before God. He will not drink wine nor spirits. He will be full of the Holy Spirit from inside his mother ''. After that, Zachariah himself became full of the Holy Spirit as the Gospel of Luke (1:67) mentions, “His father, Zachariah, was full of the Holy Spirit, and he said, blessed be God, the God of Israel".


The same Holy Spirit who was with Zachariah and his son John was with Jesus. We find in the Gospel of Luke (1:26), ''In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin who was engaged to a man from David's lineage named Joseph and the name of the virgin was Mary ". This shows that the Holy Spirit is one of God's angels.


Jesus, the son of the virgin was circumcised, according to the law of Moses, then his mother was purified and gave a sacrifice to God. In the Gospel of Luke (2:21–24), ''When the baby was eight days old, they circumcised him and named him Jesus, as he was named before his mother was pregnant with him. When she was purified according to Moses' law, they went up with him to Jerusalem to give him to God as it is written in the Law of God that every male who got out of a uterus is purified for God. According to God's law they should give a sacrifice of a pair of doves or pigeons ''.


It is necessary to clarify the meaning of the word “Holy”. In Hebrew, the word “Qadash” means “avoiding”. That is why we find in accounts of Moses' law, God says to Moses, "Consecrate to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and beast; it is Mine." (Exodus 13:2).


The word "Quddus" for this new born child means: sort the elder child who is the first one to open his mother's womb. From this we know that Jesus’ birth was normal like other people’s because his mother proceeded according to Moses 's law.


After that, we emphasize that Jesus came from a human being; he was born from the Virgin Mary who is one of the daughters of Adam who was made of clay. The miracle here is that Allah, Most Glorified, can give a child to a sterile woman as He can give a child to the virgin one. Allah, Most Glorified, says, in the Quran, ''Indeed the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then He said to him: "Be" and he was '' (3:59).


Luke links the birth of John the Baptist to the birth of Jesus, peace be upon them: 

We find the following conversation in the Gospel of Luke (1:34–37), ''Mary said to the angel: How can that be and I don't know any man? The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will cover you, and the power of the Most High will be over you, and the chosen from you is called Son of God. Look at your in-law, Elizabeth - she is pregnant with a boy at her old age, for nothing is impossible for God''.


In the Quran, we find, ''When He decrees a matter, he only says to it: "Be" and it is'' (20:35)



  • The Term Son of God in the Bible

Let us now turn our attention to the meaning of the term ''Son of God” in the Bible.

In the Gospel of Mathew (5:8–9), we find the following quote, “Blessed be the good-hearted ones because they will see God. Blessed be the peace makers because they are the sons of God''.


Everyone who works for peace, according to the language of the Bible, is a son of God. It is a metaphoric term and not a literal one, as when people say: This is the son of Sudan. All these expressions are metaphors, and they are known in different languages. We also find in the Gospel of Genesis (1:27), speaking of the creation of man: '' God created man according to His image'', but Allah says in the Qur'an, '' We have certainly created man in the best of stature'' (95:4).


In the Book of Exodus (4: 22), God says to Moses, ''Say to Pharaoh, God says this: Israel is my elder son''.


We find in the Book Joshua (11:1), ''When Israel was a boy, I loved him and from Egypt I called him My son''.


Also, in the First Book of Chronicles (28:6), ''And He said to me, ‘Your son Solomon builds My home and My houses because I have chosen him as My son and I am a Father for him’'', however, no one says that Solomon was a God or he was a son of God.


Look at the definition of the term, “son of God” according to the Gospel of John (1:12), ''As for all those who accepted it, He gave them the power to become sons of God. That is to be believers in His name''. Then we find in John (3:1): ''Look at what advice the Father has given us so that we shall be called sons of God''.


From these texts in the Bible and others, we can understand that son of God means: servant of the Merciful as it is in the Quran, ''And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk on the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them, they say words of peace '' (25:63)


We also find in the Book of Genesis (6:2), ''The sons of God have seen the daughters of man beautiful, so they took wives for themselves from all that they have chosen''.


This means that al the righteous sons of Adam are sons of God, however, it is not possible for there to be more than one True, All Powerful God because their wills would eventually conflict and only one of them could prevail.


  • Jesus was a Prophet and a Messenger

'We come back now to see the prophet Jesus as mentioned in the Books of the Bible. In the Gospels of Mathew (13:54–58) and Mark (6:5): ''When he came to his nation, he taught them in their community until they showed surprise and said, “How does this man get such wisdom and powers? Isn't he the son of the carpenter? Isn't his mother called Mary and his brothers are Jacob, Yossi, Simon and Judas? How can he do all this?” Jesus told them, “No prophet is without dignity except in his nation and his home”.


Jesus here was unable to bring a miracle on demand to disprove their accusations. If he had been God or the literal son of God, he would have been able to come up with miracles regardless as he liked.


Mathew wrote in his Gospel (21:10,11), ''When he entered Jerusalem, all the city was shaken. They said, “Who is that?” The crowd said, “This is Jesus, the Prophet who comes from Nazareth in Galilee ''. This was the witness of the people who have seen him and his miracles. Not one of them was reported as saying that he was God or son of God.


In the Gospel of Luke (7:11-16), Jesus revived a dead boy after he had prayed to God and asked Him to grant him power and support: ''The next day, he went to a city called Nain, and went with him many of his disciples and a great multitude. When he approached the entrance of the city, he found a dead boy and a great multitude from the city were with them. When Jesus saw the mother, he sympathized with her and told her not to cry. Then, he moved on and touched the coffin and the people halted. He said: ''Young man, I tell you to stand up!'' So, the dead sat up and started to speak. Then he gave him to his mother. The people were afraid; they glorified God saying, “We have among us a great prophet. God has remembered his people”.  After he had done this great miracle, reviving the dead, people who witnessed this great event did not lose their senses, and did not say that he was God or son of God, but they said:'' We have among us a great prophet - God has remembered his people'' (Luke 7:16).


Let's speak now about Jesus, the prophet of God. We find in the Gospel of John (1:16), ''Truly, I tell you the truth: There is no slave greater than his Lord, nor a prophet greater than His Sender''.


Also, in the Gospel of John (8:37–40), ''I know that you are the offspring of Abraham, but you would like to kill me because you don't like my words”. They answered by saying, “Our father is Abraham”. Jesus said, “If you were Abraham's children, you would follow him, but you would rather kill me - a man who tells you the truth that I have heard from God''.


If we examine the biography of prophets, we find stories of retribution and exoneration. Moses fled through to the desert where he stayed for many years after he had unintentionally killed an Egyptian. He herded sheep and contemplated the creation of Allah on the earth and in the heavens until he was charged with carrying the prophethood and message. Josef also experienced many hardships starting from his brothers' injustice and abandonment, to being captured and sold in to slavery, to being accused of debauchery with his master’s wife. Finally, Allah proved his innocence, and then he became prime minister for the king of Egypt. The same thing happened with Jesus - Before he started preaching at the age of thirty, according to Luke's words, he went from his home country Nazareth to the desert and stayed there for forty days without food. Then, Iblis (The Devil) came to test him with three challenges. He passed them all, won the battle against Iblis, and became ready to be a messenger of Allah. We find in the Gospel of Mathew (4:11), ''Then the Devil left him and the angels came to serve him''. Jesus was prepared for the message like all of the messengers before him (Because he was a messenger, not the son of God).


We find an account from one of the closest people to Jesus in Acts (2: 22): Patrick, the chief of the disciples, said, ''O Israeli Men - Listen to this! Jesus from Nazareth is a man who has been powers, wonders, and miracles from God. He did them before you as you know''. Patrick didn't say that Jesus was God; he said he was a human that God allowed to perform miracles.


Patrick also said in the Book of Prophets (10:38 ),''Jesus of Nazareth - God supports him with the Holy Spirit and power so that he does good for people, and heals the sick who are under the spell of the devil because God is with him''.


All of this shows that Jesus was human; he was a messenger of Allah. He was a prophet to the Israelites as were many other prophets before him.




  • Ecumenical Councils and the Introduction of the Doctrine of the Trinity into Christian Theology


Constantinople was the base of the Eastern Roman Empire. Most the followers of the emperor Constantine were Christians and followers of Rome in the west were pagans. Constantine invited all of them to have a meeting and find a solution to the religious disagreements which were the causes of weakness of the empire at the Council of Nicea in the year 325 after Christ. It was attended by 2048 bishops from all over the world to clarify and agree on their beliefs about Jesus.


In the book ''The History of the Church'' by Husting, we find, ''People had debates. Arius, one of the great scholars was among them. He said that Jesus, peace be upon him, was a messenger and a prophet of Allah, and that he was a human and one of God's slaves. 1731 priests adopted Arius' creed. Athnasius, who was a deacon (lower than a priest) in the Church of Alexandria, wanted to gain the friendship of Constantine,  so he talked about the incarnation of God in Jesus. Only 317 priests agreed with Athnasius.


In the end, Constantine, who was pagan, declared that Athnasius was right because they shared more or less the same idea, thus refusing the monotheistic beliefs which were the message of Jesus and all of the prophets and messengers. He also banned the scriptures they had and forbade their study. This heresy lasted long in Christianity, and the forbidden scriptures weren’t released until 1516 AD by Luthrius.


  • The Council of Constantinople

After the Council of Nicea, Macedonius said, ''The Holy Spirit is not a god; he is one of the messengers of God''. This idea spread among the Christians throughout the Roman Empire and no one objected. However, the king held the council of Constantinople in 381 after Christ, which was attended by 150 priests. The participants in the Council of Constantinople were very few if we compare them with those of the Council of Nicea. In this small council, the attendees decided to agree that the Holy Spirit was a God and also from the essence of God.


In the Holy Qur'an, we find that Allah says, ''O people of the Scripture, Do not commit excesses in your religion nor say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was not but a messenger of Allah, and His Word which He directed to Mary and a soul from Him. So believe in Allah and his messengers. And do not say ''Three'', desist - it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but One God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the Heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of Affairs'' (4:171).


The truth is, the Trinity is a philosophy that was prevalent in Greece and Alexandria before the birth of Jesus, the Son of Mary. Platonic philosophy said that this world is governed by three forces: the Mind, the Logos, and the Soul.


This philosophy, which is contrary to the teachings of Jesus, was expressed in the Gospel of Mathew (28:19),'' Go and teach all the nations, baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit ''. In the margin of the manuscript, we find a note, which reads, ''This expression is not found in the original Greek copy''.


When we discuss logically the problem of the Trinity, we say, If there were three real perfect gods as they say, God would be complex. Everybody knows that any complex thing has multiple parts. This means that God would be in need of parts, which is false.


Furthermore, if there was a unity between the divine state of God and the human state of the son (as they believe), then the being of God would be limited. The truth is that anything that is finite cannot God because God is eternal and not created.


The words of God in the Quran are the truth: ''Had there been within the Heavens and earth gods beside Allah, they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe'' (21:22)


  • The Deification of Mary

A priest named Nestor, who was a patriarch in Constantinople said, ''The Lady Virgin Mary was the mother of the human Jesus, and she cannot be a mother of God. Even Jesus himself was not God; he was a man who received revelation from God.'' This is the truth that followers of Jesus believed until a conference was held in the city of Ephesus, which 200 bishops attended. They decided that there Mary was the Mother of God.


In this context, Allah says in the Qur'an, ''And (beware the Day ) when Allah will say ''O Jesus, son of Mary, did you say to the people ''Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah?'' He will say, ''Exalted are you! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within me, and I do not know what is in You. Indeed it is You who is the Knower of all Unseen. I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them''. (5:116-117)


Wall Durant said in his book ''The Story of Civilization'', part 11, page 418:


''When Christianity conquered Rome, the spirit of the old pagan religion moved into the new religion, Christianity, with the priests worshiping the “Great Mother”, and many other gods, which was claimed to provide peace and tranquility. This was transferred to Christianity as the mother's blood is transferred to her child. This dying empire granted the key of conquests and administrative skill to the powerful Church. The strong word did what the sharp sword couldn't do - the church missionaries replaced the government as holders of authority over people. The truth is that Christianity did not abolish paganism - it reinforced it. Greek philosophy came back in a new form through church theology and its rituals such as the rites of communion. From Egypt, came the worship of the Mother of the Child as the spiritual link with God; that link which imposed Platonism on the subjects of the Roman Empire and eradicated all traces of the true creed of Jesus''.


Allah says in the Qur'an, referring to what happened in the church of destruction of belief, the introduction of a multitude of gods, and acceptance of pagan beliefs, ''Say, O people of the Scripture - do not exceed the limits in your religion beyond the truth and do not follow the inclinations of a people who had gone astray before and misled many and have strayed from the guidance of the true path'' (5:77).


  • The True Teachings of the Oneness of God 

Even though many Christians claim that Jesus is God or a son of God, Jesus teaches devotion to the Creator in the Gospel of Luke (18:18–19), '' A person asked him, ''O you Good teacher - what should I do to inherit everlasting life? “Jesus answered, ''Why do you call me good? There is no one who is good but God''.


In this regard, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said in a hadith, ''Don't overpraise me as the Christians overpraised the son of Mary. I am only His slave. Say, ''He is the Slave of Allah and His messenger''.  


We find in the Gospel of Mark (12:28-29), ''One of the writers came and he heard them speak. When he saw that he had answered them well, he asked him: What is the most important advice that you can give me? Jesus answered, “The most important of all advice is, Listen O Israel! God is our Lord - One God only''.


In the Gospel of John (17: 3), Jesus is reported to have said, '' And this is the everlasting life - that they know that You are alone the True God, and Jesus the Messiah that You have sent''.


Jesus is reported to have said to Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of John (20:18–17), ''Don't touch me because I have not ascended yet to my Father but, go to my brothers and tell them that I will ascend to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God''


After considering these texts and others, it is clear that the relationship of Jesus with God is that of creation to Creator.


  •   The Reality of the Holy Spirit

We find in the Old Testament, Book of Exodus (23:20–21): '' Here I am - an angel who is sent before your face to protect you on the road, to bring you to the prepared place. Beware of Him, Listen to His voice, and don't rebel against Him because He will not forgive your sins because of my name''.


International custom agrees that an ambassador is the representative of the state and its president. Any threat to the ambassador is a threat to the president of the state. The expression, ''My name'' refers to the position of Gabriel as an ambassador between God and His creatures.


We find in the Book of Samuel (10:1–10), ''Samuel took a bottle of oil, poured some on his head, kissed him and said, “Isn't it right that God makes you the leader of His heritage? And when he turned his shoulder to leave Samuel, God gave him another heart. Many miracles came that day. When they came there, to Jabaa, he met a group of prophets, then the Holy Spirit came down, and it was revealed to him among them''.


We find in the first Book of Samuel (16:14)  that God became angry at Saul and the Spirit of God left him. He said, “The Spirit of God left Saul and there came a bad spirit from God''.


From these texts and others, we can conclude that the Holy Spirit is revealed to a pure person, prophet or messenger.


That is why David, peace be upon him, in his invocation used to say, ''O God, create in me a clean heart, and place inside me an upright soul. Don't chase me away from Your Face, and don't take  away from me Your Holy Spirit!''. (Psalms 51:10–11)


We find in the Gospel of Luke (3:21–22), ''When the people were baptized, Jesus also was baptized. When he was praying, the sky opened and the Holy Spirit descended on him in a physical state like a pigeon''. The Holy Spirit was with the prophets of the Old Testament and now he was with Jesus during baptizing. The Holy Spirit came to the prophets when commanded to do so by God.


It is clear from these texts that Jesus is one being and The Holy Spirit is another being. This is clarified in the Gospel of Mark (3:28–29): ''I tell you the truth. All the sins and lies of people can be forgiven, but a lie about the Holy Spirit cannot be forgiven. It causes everlasting punishment ''.


This message is clearly repeated in the Gospel of Mathew (12:31–32): ''That is why I tell you - Each sin or lie is forgiven for people, but a lie on the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. It is forgiven for he who says a (false) word about people, but it is not forgiven for he who says a (false) word about the Holy Spirit, neither in this world, nor in the Next''.


All of these texts and more indicate that Jesus and the Holy Spirit are two separate beings.


  •  Conclusion

Dear reader, after considering what has been presented from the writings of a priest and scholar who realized the truth of Islam and lived by it, I invite you to examine some verses from the Holy Quran so that you may also reach the greatest truth in your life:


Allah, the Most High, says in chapter 5 of the Quran (translated):


''(15) O people of the Scripture - There has come to you Our messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal and often overlook from the Scripture; There has come to you from Allah a Light and a clear Book. (16) By which Allah guides those who strive for His approval in the ways of peace and brings them out from darkness into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path. (17) They have certainly disbelieved who say Allah is Christ, the son of Mary. Then, who could prevent Allah at all if He had intended to destroy Christ, the son of Mary, or his mother or everyone on Earth? - And to Allah belongs the Dominion of the Heavens and the Earth and whatever is between them. He creates what He wills, and Allah is over all things Competent. (18) However, the Jews and Christians say, ''We are the children of Allah and His beloved''. Say, ''Then why does He punish you for your sins? – Rather, you are human beings from among those He has created. He forgives whom He wills, and He punishes whom He wills. And, to Allah belongs the dominion of the Heavens and the Earth and whatever is between them, and to Him is the final destination. (19) O people of the Scripture - there has come to you Our messenger to make clear to you (the religion) after a period (of suspension) of messengers, lest you say: ''There came not to us any bringer of good tidings nor a warner'' but, there has come to you a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And Allah is over all things Competent.''

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